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Brief History of the Royal Forest of Sherwood

The Parliament Oak 2008 Kings Clipstone, Sherwood Forest

The Parliament Oak, one of the orginal boundary oaks for the royal hunting park and the oldest tree in Sherwood Forest

 Early history

Evidence of flint tools shows some use of the Sherwood area by prehistoric hunter-gatherers. By the 9th century, farming communities were making a greater impact on the Sherwood landscape. Most of these communities still exist today. Names ending in ‘by’ like Thoresby, are Scandinavian in origin, ‘thorpe’ as in Gleadthorpe are Danish, and ‘feld’ (field) as in Mansfield, are Roman whilst  ‘tun’ (ton) as in Clipstone are anglo-saxon. This was Clippes hamlet or manor.

The Royal Forest

Historically there were two different definitions of Sherwood. One was the great swath of woodland and heath found on the quickly draining poor sand-lands running up the centre of the County. The other was the Royal Forest of Sherwood, which comprised the royal manors and was subject to Forest Law.

The name ‘Sherwood’ was first recorded in 958 when it was called Sciryuda, meaning ‘t

he woodland belonging to the shire’. Before 1066 many of the manors in the Forest were held by Edward the Confessor.  After the Norman invasion, these royal manors formed the core of the Royal Forest. The manors provided the King with his main power base so were very important.

Medieval Picture of King John hunting

Medieval Picture of King John hunting

The legal term ‘Forest’ meant an area subject to special laws designed to protect the valuable resources of timber and game (vert and venison). These laws were strictly and severely imposed

by agisters, foresters, verderers (wardens) and rangers, who were all were employed by the Crown.

In the 1200s, popularly thought to be the time of Robin Hood, Sherwood covered about a fifth of Nottinghamshire. The main London to York road, the Great North Way, ran straight through Sherwood, and travellers were often at the mercy of robbers living outside of the law (outlaws).

The 1630 map of the village shows the Forest to the east of Kings Clipstone reduced to rabbit warrens and scrubby heathland called the ‘Shrogges’, a local dialect word

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